Elevated blood pressure and signs of high bp causes

Published: 15th April 2011
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Famotidine medicine is recommended for treating ulcer in stomach and acidic reflux. It is a histamine-2 blocker used to treat peptic ulcer disease and gastroesophageal reflux disease. It is also given in patients before operations to prevent post-operation nausea. This medication works by blocking histamine which helps in reducing production of acid in the stomach. The dosage would depend on the severity of the infection.

Acid reflux disease or GERD is chronic symptoms or mucosal damage caused by stomach acid coming up from the stomach into the esophagus. It can occur due to various reasons. A typical symptom is heartburn. There are a number of drugs approved to treat GERD. Another kind of acid reflux, which causes respiratory and laryngeal signs and symptoms, is called laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR) or extraesophageal reflux disease(EERD). Unlike GERD, LPR is unlikely to produce heartburn, and is sometimes called silent reflux. A peptic ulcer is an ulcer of an area of the gastrointestinal tract that is usually acidic and thus extremely painful. The stomach pain is usually the first signal to a peptic ulcer. The possible cause of ulcer is gastric cancer. It is cause due to Helicobacter pylori bacteria or greater use of NSAIDs.

Ulcers can also be caused or worsened by drugs. About 4% of stomach ulcers are caused by a malignant tumor, so multiple biopsies are needed to exclude cancer. Ulcers in the stomach are called gastric ulcers and ulcers in the small intestine are called duodenal ulcers. Duodenal ulcers are generally benign. An ulcer can lead to a gastric or duodenal perforation, which leads to acute peritonitis. This is extremely painful and requires immediate surgery. Burning or gnawing feeling in the stomach area lasting between 30 minutes and 3 hours commonly accompanies ulcers. This pain can be misinterpreted as hunger, indigestion or heartburn. Pain is usually caused by the ulcer but it may be aggravated by the stomach acid when it comes into contact with the ulcerated area. The pain caused by peptic ulcers can be felt anywhere from the navel up to the sternum, it may last from few minutes to several hours and it may be worse when the stomach is empty. Gastrointestinal bleeding is the most common complication. Sudden large bleeding can be life-threatening.

Treatment of H. pylori usually leads to clearing of infection, relief of symptoms and eventual healing of ulcers. Recurrence of infection can occur and retreatment may be required.

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